The Ministry of Education on June 5, 2021 launched National Initiative for Proficiency in Reading with Understanding and Numeracy (NIPUN). The objective of NIPUN Bharat Mission is to create an enabling environment to ensure universal acquisition of foundational literacy and numeracy, so that every child achieves the desired learning competencies in reading, writing and numeracy by the end of Grade 3, by 2026-27.
NIPUN Bharat will be implemented by the Department of School Education and Literacy and a five-tier implementation mechanism will be set up at the National- State- District- Block- School level in all States and UTs, under the aegis of the centrally sponsored scheme of Samagra Shiksha.
The foundational literacy includes oral language development, decoding, oral reading fluency, reading with understanding and writing skills. Foundational numeracy is the ability to solve day-to-day problems using numerical methods and analysis.
The New Education Policy-2020 says that our aim should be to impart knowledge of foundational literacy and numeracy in primary schools, which is to be judged by learning outcomes. Our aim is to implement it for every child in primary school level by 2026-27, Ministry of Education said in a statement.
Samagra Shiksha: ‘Samagra Shiksha’ programme was launched subsuming three existing schemes: Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shikskha Abhiyan (RMSA) and Teacher Education (TE). The aim of the scheme is to treat school education holistically, from pre-school to Class XII.