The Centre is funding the development of four vaccines, which are currently in various stages of human trials. One more vaccine is in a preclinical stage, Union Science Minister Jitendra Singh said in a written reply to Rajya Sabha recently.
The government has also funded clinical trial sites, animal challenge facilities (where viruses are tested on animals) and immunoassay laboratories, all of which were collectively allotted a budget of ₹900 crore for 12 months, the Minister said.
Currently, three vaccines — Serum Institute of India’s Covishield, Bharat Biotech’s Covaxin and Russian vaccine Sputnik V — are being administered in India.
The four vaccines, being funded under Mission Covid Suraksha, were the DNA-based vaccine candidate by Cadila Healthcare, Ahmedabad, Gujarat; the protein sub-unit vaccine by Biological E Ltd, Hyderabad, Telangana; Adenovirus intra-nasal vaccine by Bharat Biotech Ltd, Hyderabad, Telangana; and an m-RNA vaccine by Gennova Biopharmaceuticals, Pune, Maharashtra.
Cadilla and Biological E vaccines were in Phase-3 trials, Bharat Biotech’s in Phase-2, and Gennova’s in Phase-2 trial. A fifth vaccine candidate, which was a “virus like particle” by Genique Life Sciences, based out of Gurugram, Haryana was in “advanced preclinical stage,” the written statement by the Minister noted.
Financial support under the Mission was being provided to public funded research institutes; State and Central public Sector enterprises; public and private hospitals; industries and organisations. An amount of ₹710 crore has been committed till date, to support these activities, the Minister said.